Solomon Isaac Passy
Solomon Isaac Passy was involved in the dissident movement to end totalitarian communist rule in Bulgaria in the 1980s. In 1990, he helped found and then became President and CEO of the Atlantic Club of Bulgaria, a non-governmental organization focused on NATO’s accession. Within Bulgaria, the Atlantic Club serves the broader purpose of supporting democracy, human rights, free market economics and the rule of law. Solomon Passy also founded the Bulgarian Green Party in 1990 and was elected into the Bulgarian National Assembly. As a MP, in 1990 he drafted legislation to withdraw from the Warsaw Pact and apply for membership in NATO.
In 2001 Passy was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Government of Prime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg, a post in which he remained in until 2005. As Minister he also served on the United Nations Security Council (2002-2003), where he helped define the security policy of the international community in the post-9/11 world. In 2004 Passy was appointed as Chairman-in-Office of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).