The National University of Political Studies and Public Administration (SNSPA) will organize, on the 4-5 of October 2019, the fourth edition of the Bucharest Security Conference, the largest international conference in Romania that addresses the most recent security developments and evolving threats on the Euro-Atlantic frontier and NATO’s decisions to respond to them. On the one hand, the conference starts from the premise that the security environment of the region evolves in the global context and requires cooperative approaches. Evolutions with an international impact such as Russia’s intentions and actions on the Euro Atlantic frontier in the East, NATO’s Forward Presence, Brexit and some new developments in the EU, including the recent Treaty of Aachen, prove that the road is open for evolutions that may change some critical characteristics of the security situation in Eastern and Central Europe. On the other hand, Russia’s subversive actions and mobilization of troops aggravates the security situation at the Black Sea Region. The frozen conflicts in Transnistria, Ukraine, Georgia are concerning not only the members from the Eastern Flank, but the entire Alliance. In this context, NATO implemented the Enhanced Forward Presence and the Tailored Forward Presence on the Eastern Flank, increased the number of exercises and welcomes regional formats of cooperation such as Bucharest 9 Format, which held its last Summit in February 2019. The central purpose of the conference is to support NATO’s efforts to project stability through NATO’s partnerships by dialogue and analysis of the security evolutions meant to increase transparency and to reinforce NATO’s posture, gathering high officials from NATO member states and partner states. The conference also promotes Trans-Atlantic security cooperation in respect with an integrated approach of new security challenges, gathering annually security experts from USA and Europe and debating emerging challenges, as the panel description will show below.
Moreover, we deal with a paradigm shift in the military field, generated by the evolution of conflict typologies in the contemporary period. On one side there is the hybrid war which requires quick and adapted response measures/means, though on the other side there is the need of adaptation, from interventions specialized on hostile environment (Afghanistan case), to classic operations (Ukraine case). What is more, the dangerous, unpredictable, and fluid security environment of the Alliance is marked by significant evolutions in the cybernetic field, making the security concerns and evolutions of the cyberspace one of the focal points of the conference.
The first objective of SNSPA is to continue its close cooperation with NATO HQ, based on the strong tradition of working with the organization and the NATO Defence College. This conference aims at creating a broader framework for excellence in education and research projects and at strengthening the regional dimension of SNSPA’s academic programmes and its presence in the Wider Black Sea area. The second objective is related to regional frameworks of cooperation such as B9 Format and the Three Seas Initiative; BSC will assess the role of these formats and their potential contribution for the allied efforts to counter both traditional and hybrid threats, as their stated goals are to enhance the effectiveness of the decisions taken by NATO and the EU.
The overarching goal of the Bucharest Security Conference is to increase NATO visibility by presenting to the public its firm commitment to collective defense, the development of NATO’s partnerships and its global role in crisis management. Each past edition gathered around 60 speakers which were high level decision-makers, NATO, UNO officials, diplomats, former ministers, academics, governmental and non-governmental experts, who provided strategic reflections on the implementation of key NATO decisions, respectively, debated the future of NATO’s partnerships, in particular the welcomed recent impetus in NATO-EU relations and also highlighted Romania’s role in the region as a factor of stability.
The members of the target audience of the international conference are part of the security communities of the countries from the Eastern Flank, as well as other Western European and North-Atlantic nations, and a large number of NATO partners in the Wider Black Sea Area: governmental representatives who might take the lead in putting forth and also implementing the lessons learned; academic and scientific communities who will provide a theoretical perspective of the issue and can propose solutions that can be taken into consideration by the decision makers as a result of their interaction with relevant authorities; civil society representatives who should be involved in the development and implementation of the lessons learned, as well as in the development of innovative ways ahead; the media will disseminate the conclusions of the conference; PhD candidates and young researchers having also the chance to come up with solutions that can be taken into account by the decision makers. As the Bruxelles Summit Declaration from 2018 acknowledges, the Alliance is confronted with challenges from all strategic directions, reason for which each region is concerned primarily with internal threats and challenges.
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BSC 2019 BEYOND LIMITS
- Special awards under the high auspices of the Royal House of Romania, for personalities with a major contribution in the security and defence debate from the region;
- The confirmation of high level officials such as Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Ministers of Defence, Chiefs of the General Staff, academics, NATO, UN and EU officials, representatives from the private sector.
BSC previous editions
We appreciate that the previous editions of BSC were successful and, therefore, we intend to continue the debate regarding Allied security and defence in this region.
- military challenges and threats on the NATO Eastern and Southern flanks;
- regional formats of cooperation;
- resilience & stratcom;
- cooperation in intelligence.
- more than 50 international speakers (high representatives of NATO HQ, the EU, the ministries of Defence and Foreign Affairs, academics, representatives of the private sector, NGOs and mass media);
- over 15 sponsors and media partners;
- more than 150 participants.